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A view of part of Salamanca, NY from Stone Tower at Allegany State Park

Salamanca is a town and a city in Cattaraugus County, New York. The City of Salamanca is the only city in the USA that is located entirely on a Native American Territory. The name is from a major investor in a local railroad.

The City of Salamanca is located on a reservation of the Seneca Nation of Indians (one of the six tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy), and the city population of about 6000 is about 35% Native American.

Once a major railroad town, Salamanca is a center for the hardwoods industry and forestry in the northeast.  Maple, oak and cherry are hardwoods that are plentiful in the area.

Places in Salamanca