Salamanca is a town and a city in Cattaraugus County, New York. The City of Salamanca is the only city in the USA that is located entirely on a Native American Territory. The name is from a major investor in a local railroad.
The City of Salamanca is located on a reservation of the Seneca Nation of Indians (one of the six tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy), and the city population of about 6000 is about 35% Native American.
Once a major railroad town, Salamanca is a center for the hardwoods industry and forestry in the northeast. Maple, oak and cherry are hardwoods that are plentiful in the area.